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Parallel Brain Simulator: A Multi-scale and Parallel Brain-Inspired Neural Network Modeling and Simulation Platform
Liu, Xin1; Zeng, Yi1,2; Zhang, Tielin1; Xu, Bo1,2
2016-10-01
发表期刊COGNITIVE COMPUTATION
卷号8期号:5页码:967-981
文章类型Article
摘要The brain is naturally a parallel and distributed system. Reverse engineering a cognitive brain is considered to be a grand challenge. In this paper, we present the parallel brain simulator (PBS), a parallel and distributed platform for modeling the cognitive brain at multiple scales. Inspired by large-scale graph computation, PBS can be considered as a universal parallel execution engine, which is aimed at reducing the complexity of distributed programming and providing an easy to use programmable platform for computational neuroscientists and artificial intelligence researchers for modeling and simulation of large-scale neural networks. As illustrative examples and validations, three brain-inspired neural networks which are built on PBS are introduced, including the 1:1 human hippocampus network, the 1:1 mouse whole-brain network and the CASIA brain simulator built for cognitive robotics. We deploy PBS on both commodity clusters and supercomputers, and a scalable performance is achieved. In addition, we provide evaluations on the scalability and performance of both lumped synapse-based simulation and non-lumped synapse-based simulation with different data-graph distribution methods to show the effectiveness and usability of the PBS platform.
关键词Neural Network Simulator Graph Computation Parallel Simulation Spiking Neural Network Pbs
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.1007/s12559-016-9411-y
关键词[WOS]SPIKING NEURONS ; PLASTICITY ; NUMBER
收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB02060007) ; Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission(Z151100000915070)
WOS研究方向Computer Science ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS类目Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence ; Neurosciences
WOS记录号WOS:000386351500017
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ia.ac.cn/handle/173211/11325
专题类脑智能研究中心
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Automat, Res Ctr Brain Inspired Intelligence, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Brain Sci & Intelligence Technol, Shanghai 200031, Peoples R China
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Liu, Xin,Zeng, Yi,Zhang, Tielin,et al. Parallel Brain Simulator: A Multi-scale and Parallel Brain-Inspired Neural Network Modeling and Simulation Platform[J]. COGNITIVE COMPUTATION,2016,8(5):967-981.
APA Liu, Xin,Zeng, Yi,Zhang, Tielin,&Xu, Bo.(2016).Parallel Brain Simulator: A Multi-scale and Parallel Brain-Inspired Neural Network Modeling and Simulation Platform.COGNITIVE COMPUTATION,8(5),967-981.
MLA Liu, Xin,et al."Parallel Brain Simulator: A Multi-scale and Parallel Brain-Inspired Neural Network Modeling and Simulation Platform".COGNITIVE COMPUTATION 8.5(2016):967-981.
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