CASIA OpenIR
Optimization of Crowd Evacuation With Leaders in Urban Rail Transit Stations
Zhou, Min1; Dong, Hairong1; Zhao, Yanbo2; Ioannou, Petros A.3; Wang, Fei-Yue4,5
Source PublicationIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS
ISSN1524-9050
2019-12-01
Volume20Issue:12Pages:4476-4487
Corresponding AuthorDong, Hairong(hrdong@bjtu.edu.cn)
AbstractThe adoption of passenger leaders could make crowd evacuation in urban railway transit (URT) stations more efficient. The number, location, and the actions of the leaders are the most important elements in an evacuation strategy and have a great impact on evacuation efficiency. This paper proposes a hybrid bi-level model to optimize the number and initial locations of leaders as well as the routes of leaders during the evacuation, which explicitly incorporates the passengers' guidance demand and multi-leader coordination mechanism. The leaders' initial locations are generated by solving the maximal covering location problem (upper level model) and their evacuation routes are determined by a co-simulation heuristic approach (lower level model). The social force model and its modifications are used to model the dynamics of common evacuees, leaders, and followers in simulation models. The convergence performance of the proposed co-simulation heuristic approach and the effectiveness of the optimal evacuation strategy have been investigated and demonstrated using a case study of a typical island platform of Beijing's URT station. Three other evacuation strategies are considered for comparison purposes in order to show the influence of the number and initial locations of leaders as well as the multi-leader coordination mechanism during the evacuation process. Our analysis supported by simulations shows the following: 1) the optimal number of leaders exists for a given human cost and guidance demand constraints; 2) the distribution of leaders for maximal covering makes the evacuation of the followers more efficient; and 3) the proposed optimal evacuation strategy has better performance in terms of shorter evacuation time and higher utilization of exits compared with other considered strategies.
KeywordForce Dynamics Heuristic algorithms Optimization Rails Public transportation Optimization evacuation leader heuristic algorithm extended maximal covering location method
DOI10.1109/TITS.2018.2886415
WOS KeywordPEDESTRIAN EVACUATION ; SIMULATION ; MODEL ; ASSISTANTS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Science Foundation through the CPS Project[1545130] ; METRANS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[61790573] ; National Science Foundation through the CPS Project[1545130] ; METRANS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[61790573]
Funding OrganizationNational Science Foundation through the CPS Project ; METRANS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Transportation
WOS SubjectEngineering, Civil ; Engineering, Electrical & Electronic ; Transportation Science & Technology
WOS IDWOS:000505522400018
PublisherIEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Citation statistics
Cited Times:10[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ia.ac.cn/handle/173211/29504
Collection中国科学院自动化研究所
Corresponding AuthorDong, Hairong
Affiliation1.Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
2.Univ Southern Calif, METRANS Transportat Ctr, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA
3.Univ Southern Calif, Ctr Adv Transportat Technol, Dept Elect Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Automat, State Key Lab Management & Control Complex Syst, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
5.Natl Univ Def Technol, Res Ctr Computat Expt & Parallel Syst, Changsha 410073, Hunan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, Min,Dong, Hairong,Zhao, Yanbo,et al. Optimization of Crowd Evacuation With Leaders in Urban Rail Transit Stations[J]. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS,2019,20(12):4476-4487.
APA Zhou, Min,Dong, Hairong,Zhao, Yanbo,Ioannou, Petros A.,&Wang, Fei-Yue.(2019).Optimization of Crowd Evacuation With Leaders in Urban Rail Transit Stations.IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS,20(12),4476-4487.
MLA Zhou, Min,et al."Optimization of Crowd Evacuation With Leaders in Urban Rail Transit Stations".IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS 20.12(2019):4476-4487.
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