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Plant biomechanics in an ecological context
Read, Jennifer; Stokes, Alexia
2006-10-01
发表期刊AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY
卷号93期号:10页码:1546-1565
文章类型Review
摘要Fundamental plant traits such as support, anchorage, and protection against environmental stress depend substantially on biomechanical design. The costs, subsequent trade-offs, and effects on plant performance of mechanical traits are not well understood, but it appears that many of these traits have evolved in response to abiotic and biotic mechanical forces and resource deficits. The relationships between environmental stresses and mechanical traits can be specific and direct, as in responses to strong winds, with structural reinforcement related to plant survival. Some traits such as leaf toughness might provide protection from multiple forms of stress. In both cases, the adaptive value of mechanical traits may vary between habitats, so is best considered in the context of the broader growth environment, not just of the proximate stress. Plants can also show considerable phenotypic plasticity in mechanical traits, allowing adjustment to changing environments across a range of spatial and temporal scales. However, it is not always clear whether a mechanical property is adaptive or a consequence of the physiology associated with stress. Mechanical traits do not only affect plant survival; evidence suggests they have downstream effects on ecosystem organization and functioning (e.g., diversity, trophic relationships, and productivity), but these remain poorly explored.
关键词Allocation Patterns Biomechanical Plasticity Eco-biomechanics Leaf Toughness Plant Strategies Sclerophylly Trade-offs Wood Density
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]TROPICAL RAIN-FOREST ; LEAF LIFE-SPAN ; SNOW AVALANCHE DISTURBANCE ; ANTI-HERBIVORE DEFENSE ; PINUS-PINASTER AIT. ; COARSE WOODY DEBRIS ; FUNCTIONAL-SIGNIFICANCE ; MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES ; ROOT ARCHITECTURE ; NUTRITIONAL INTERPRETATION
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Plant Sciences
WOS类目Plant Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000241601800018
引用统计
被引频次:151[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ia.ac.cn/handle/173211/9265
专题09年以前成果
作者单位1.Monash Univ, Sch Biol Sci, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Automat, INRA, Lab Franco Chinois Informat Automat & Math Appl L, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
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Read, Jennifer,Stokes, Alexia. Plant biomechanics in an ecological context[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY,2006,93(10):1546-1565.
APA Read, Jennifer,&Stokes, Alexia.(2006).Plant biomechanics in an ecological context.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY,93(10),1546-1565.
MLA Read, Jennifer,et al."Plant biomechanics in an ecological context".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 93.10(2006):1546-1565.
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