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Plant biomechanics in an ecological context
Read, Jennifer; Stokes, Alexia
Source PublicationAMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY
2006-10-01
Volume93Issue:10Pages:1546-1565
SubtypeReview
AbstractFundamental plant traits such as support, anchorage, and protection against environmental stress depend substantially on biomechanical design. The costs, subsequent trade-offs, and effects on plant performance of mechanical traits are not well understood, but it appears that many of these traits have evolved in response to abiotic and biotic mechanical forces and resource deficits. The relationships between environmental stresses and mechanical traits can be specific and direct, as in responses to strong winds, with structural reinforcement related to plant survival. Some traits such as leaf toughness might provide protection from multiple forms of stress. In both cases, the adaptive value of mechanical traits may vary between habitats, so is best considered in the context of the broader growth environment, not just of the proximate stress. Plants can also show considerable phenotypic plasticity in mechanical traits, allowing adjustment to changing environments across a range of spatial and temporal scales. However, it is not always clear whether a mechanical property is adaptive or a consequence of the physiology associated with stress. Mechanical traits do not only affect plant survival; evidence suggests they have downstream effects on ecosystem organization and functioning (e.g., diversity, trophic relationships, and productivity), but these remain poorly explored.
KeywordAllocation Patterns Biomechanical Plasticity Eco-biomechanics Leaf Toughness Plant Strategies Sclerophylly Trade-offs Wood Density
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordTROPICAL RAIN-FOREST ; LEAF LIFE-SPAN ; SNOW AVALANCHE DISTURBANCE ; ANTI-HERBIVORE DEFENSE ; PINUS-PINASTER AIT. ; COARSE WOODY DEBRIS ; FUNCTIONAL-SIGNIFICANCE ; MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES ; ROOT ARCHITECTURE ; NUTRITIONAL INTERPRETATION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000241601800018
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ia.ac.cn/handle/173211/9265
Collection09年以前成果
Affiliation1.Monash Univ, Sch Biol Sci, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Automat, INRA, Lab Franco Chinois Informat Automat & Math Appl L, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Read, Jennifer,Stokes, Alexia. Plant biomechanics in an ecological context[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY,2006,93(10):1546-1565.
APA Read, Jennifer,&Stokes, Alexia.(2006).Plant biomechanics in an ecological context.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY,93(10),1546-1565.
MLA Read, Jennifer,et al."Plant biomechanics in an ecological context".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 93.10(2006):1546-1565.
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