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The first skull of the earliest giant panda
Jin, Changzhu; Ciochon, Russell L.; Dong, Wei; Hunt, Robert M., Jr.; Liu, Jinyi; Jaeger, Marc; Zhu, Qizhi
2007-06-26
发表期刊PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
卷号104期号:26页码:10932-10937
文章类型Article
摘要Fossils of the giant panda Ailuropoda (Order Carnivora, Family Ursidae) are largely isolated teeth, mandibles, and a few rare skulls, known from the late Pliocene to late Pleistocene in China and Southeast Asia. Much of this material represents a Pleistocene chronospecies, Ailuropoda baconi, an animal larger than the living giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca. The earliest certain record of Ailuropoda is the late Pliocene chronospecies, Ailuropoda microta, smaller than either A. baconi or A. melanoleuca, and previously known only from teeth and a few mandibles from karst caves in south China. Here, we report the discovery of the first skull of A. microta, establishing its cranial anatomy and demonstrating that the specialized cranial and dental adaptations of Ailuropoda for durophagous feeding behavior centered on bamboo were already evident in this late Pliocene species. The skull from Jinyin cave (Guangxi) and dental remains from other karst localities in southeastern China show that Ailuropoda microta occupied south China from approximate to 2 to 2.4 Myr ago after a marked global climatic deterioration. Dental and basicranial anatomy indicate a less specialized morphology early in the history of the lineage and support derivation of the giant panda from the Miocene Asian ursid Ailurarctos.
关键词Carnivora Ailuropoda Microta China Karst Caves Southeast Asia
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]AILUROPODA ; CHINA ; ASIA
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000247641900035
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ia.ac.cn/handle/173211/9429
专题09年以前成果
作者单位1.Univ Iowa, Dept Anthropol, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Pattern Recognit, Inst Automat, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
4.Univ Nebraska, Dept Geosci, Lincoln, NE 68588 USA
5.Univ Nebraska, State Museum, Lincoln, NE 68588 USA
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Joint Sino French Lab Informat Automat & Appl Mat, Inst Automat, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
7.Agr Res Ctr Int Dev CIRAD, Lab Bot & Bioinformat Plant Architecture AMAP, F-34398 Montpellier 05, France
8.Peking Univ, Renmin Hosp, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
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Jin, Changzhu,Ciochon, Russell L.,Dong, Wei,et al. The first skull of the earliest giant panda[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2007,104(26):10932-10937.
APA Jin, Changzhu.,Ciochon, Russell L..,Dong, Wei.,Hunt, Robert M., Jr..,Liu, Jinyi.,...&Zhu, Qizhi.(2007).The first skull of the earliest giant panda.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,104(26),10932-10937.
MLA Jin, Changzhu,et al."The first skull of the earliest giant panda".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 104.26(2007):10932-10937.
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