Learning Markets: An AI Collaboration Framework Based on Blockchain and Smart Contracts
Ouyang, Liwei1,2,3; Yuan, Yong3,4,5; Wang, Fei-Yue3,6,7
Source PublicationIEEE INTERNET OF THINGS JOURNAL
ISSN2327-4662
2022-08-15
Volume9Issue:16Pages:14273-14286
Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been witnessed to provide valuable solutions to all walks of life. However, data island and computing resources limitations in the centralized AI architectures have increased their technical barriers, and thus distributed AI collaboration in data, models, and resources has attracted intensive research interests. Since the existing trust-based collaboration models are no longer applicable for the large-scale distributed collaboration among trustless machines in open and dynamic environments, this article proposes a novel decentralized AI collaboration framework, i.e., learning markets (LM), in which blockchain provides a trustless environment for collaboration and transaction, while smart contracts serve as software-defined agents to encapsulate and process scalable collaboration relationships and market mechanisms. LM can not only help those participants without mutual trust realize collaborative mining with dynamic and quantitative rewards but also build an AI market with natural auditability and traceability for trading trusted and verified models. We implement and comprehensively analyze LM based on the Ethereum interplenary file system platform (IPFS), and the results prove that it has advantages in collaboration fairness, transparency, security, decentralization and universality. Based on our collaboration framework, distributed AI contributors are expected to cooperate and complete those learning tasks that cannot be done previously due to lack of complete data, sufficient computing resources and state-of-the-art models.

KeywordCollaboration Artificial intelligence Data models Computational modeling Smart contracts Blockchain Distributed databases Artificial intelligence (AI) collaboration blockchain ensemble learning federated learning (FL) smart contracts
DOI10.1109/JIOT.2020.3032706
WOS KeywordINTERNET
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2018AAA0101401] ; Science and Technology Development Fund, Macau SAR[0050/2020/A1] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[61533019] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[71702182]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; Science and Technology Development Fund, Macau SAR ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaComputer Science ; Engineering ; Telecommunications
WOS SubjectComputer Science, Information Systems ; Engineering, Electrical & Electronic ; Telecommunications
WOS IDWOS:000838706600016
PublisherIEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Sub direction classification平行管理与控制
planning direction of the national heavy laboratory其他
Paper associated data
Citation statistics
Cited Times:14[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ia.ac.cn/handle/173211/49880
Collection多模态人工智能系统全国重点实验室_平行智能技术与系统团队
Affiliation1.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Artificial Intelligence, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Automat, State Key Lab Management & Control Complex Syst, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
4.Renmin Univ China, Sch Math, Beijing 100872, Peoples R China
5.Minist Educ, Engn Res Ctr Finance Computat & Digital Engn, Beijing 100872, Peoples R China
6.Qingdao Acad Intelligent Ind, Qingdao 266109, Peoples R China
7.Macau Univ Sci & Technol, Inst Syst Engn, Macau, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ouyang, Liwei,Yuan, Yong,Wang, Fei-Yue. Learning Markets: An AI Collaboration Framework Based on Blockchain and Smart Contracts[J]. IEEE INTERNET OF THINGS JOURNAL,2022,9(16):14273-14286.
APA Ouyang, Liwei,Yuan, Yong,&Wang, Fei-Yue.(2022).Learning Markets: An AI Collaboration Framework Based on Blockchain and Smart Contracts.IEEE INTERNET OF THINGS JOURNAL,9(16),14273-14286.
MLA Ouyang, Liwei,et al."Learning Markets: An AI Collaboration Framework Based on Blockchain and Smart Contracts".IEEE INTERNET OF THINGS JOURNAL 9.16(2022):14273-14286.
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