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综合集成研讨厅中的专家研讨与思维研究
其他题名A Study on Experts Discussion and Thinking in the Hall for Workshop of Metasynthetic Engineering
吕志坚
学位类型工学博士
导师戴汝为
2004-07-01
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点中国科学院自动化研究所
学位专业模式识别与智能系统
关键词综合集成研讨厅 决策分析 群体决策 层次分析法 复杂性科学 Hall For Workshop Of Metasynthetic Engineering Decision Analysis Group Decision Making Analytic Hierarchy Process Science Of Com
摘要二十世纪九十年代初,以钱学森院士为首的一批中国科学家在对一类复杂 系统分析、总结的基础上,在国内外首先提出了“开放的复杂巨系统。(0CGS)” 的概念,并提出了研究和解决这一类问题的方法论“从定性到定量的综合集成 (Metasynthesis)”以及这一方法论的应用“综合集成研讨厅体系(HWME)”, 从而揭开了国内研究系统复杂性和复杂系统新的一页。 综合集成研讨厅体系是一个以人为本,人机结合的专家一知识一计算机网 络三位一体的巨型智能决策系统。它不是公式的汇总,也不是以几条公理为基础 建立出登誓起来的抽象框架,其实质是指导人们在处理复杂问题时,把专家的智慧、 计算机的智能和各种数据、信息有机地结合起来,把各种学科的科学理论和人 的知识结合起来,构成一个统一的、人机结合的巨型智能系统和问题求解系统。 警个方法论的成功应用在于发挥该系统的整体优势和综合优势。其核心在于人 紫心智与机器智能的取长补短、综合集成。人在这个系统中是一个主要部分, 如何科学地把专家组织起来,按照科学有效的研讨程序,使专家最大限度地贡 献自己的知识和能量,达到问题解决的完美效果,发挥综合集成研讨厅体系的 强大威力,是我们正在研究的课题。 本文对综合集成研讨厅的基本理论框架,实施中涉及到的组织管理方面的 一些问题,作了简单的介绍,并主要针对综合集成研讨厅中专家研讨过程和思 维、群决策技术在研讨厅的问题求解中的作用进行了探索,对应朋于研讨厅群 体思维收敛研究的层次分析法(AHP)的基本理论、基本问题和应用作了阐述。 具体说来有如下几点: (1)回顾了国内外系统复杂性研究的由来、起源、主要流派和进展,综合 集成研讨厅理论的形成和发展,以及目前的研究状况。 (2)回顾了与综合集成研讨厅有重要关联的组织管理、运筹学的形成、发 展与研究历程,这些科学技术的发展无疑是综合集成研讨厅理论的綦石和先决 条件。从其实质而言,综合集成研讨厅是在现代信息与网络技术条件下的一个 巨型的智能管理、运筹决策与问题求解体系。 (3)择要介绍了综合集成研讨厅的理论框架,丰要包括从定性到定量的综 合集成理论、综合集成研讨厅的研讨实施过程、综合集成研讨厅与决策支持的 关系。 (4)介绍了复杂性研究的结构学派对组织思维活动的理论概括,包括复杂 性的定律和LTI理论、组织思维中的团结性、家族性、分散性和关联性四大倾向 以及它们的特征和作
其他摘要In early 1990s, a team of Chinese scientists, conducted by Professor H. S. Tsien, first introduced the concept of"Open Complex Giant Systems" (OCGS) by studying a certain kind of complex systems, and proposed the methodology - Metasynthesis from qualitative to quantitative analysis (Metasynthesis), to study and resolve these problems. Also as an application, the Hall for Workshop of Metasynthetic Engineering (HWME) was introduced, and that was the dawn of study of system complexity and complex systems in China. The HWME is human-machine collaborative, experts-knowledge-computer networks triadic, giant intelligent decision making system, where man plays a leading role. HWME is neither a collection of formulas, nor is it an abstract framework built on several axioms. The essential point of the HWME is to combine the wisdom of experts with the intelligence of computers, and with all sorts of data and information, as well as to combine theories of different disciplines with knowledge of man to build a man-machine collaborative intelligent system and a problem-solving system. Applying this methodology could be a success as it fully utilizes the holistic advantages and integrative advantages of the system. Its core theory is to complement the human mind and machine intelligence with each other and to synthesize them into a whole. Man is the main component of this system. How to organize the experts by using an effective discussing routine, and make them contribute their knowledge and energy to the full extent to reach a perfect solution to the complex problems, and call full play of the power of HWME, is our current task. This dissertation presents a brief introduction to the principal theoretical framework of Hall for Workshop of Metasynthetic Engineering, and some issues on organization and administration involved. It mainly studies the discussion process, group thinking and group decision making applications in the problem-solving system within the framework of the HWME. It addresses the basic theory, problems and appications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), which is applied to group thought convergence in the HWME. The following are the details: (1) Looking back into the origin of the study of science of complexity, as well as its main genres or schools and its progress; Establishment of the theory of the HWME and its further development as well as current status. (2) Looking back into the origin of organization and administration, and operations research, which are in an important relationship with the HWME, as well as their development and research progress. These sciences and technologies are no doubt the bases and prior conditions of the HWME. In point of the nature of the HWME, the Hall for Workshop of Metasynthetic Engineering is a giant intelligent administration system, an operational research system, and a problem-solving system in the modern infomation and network technolog
馆藏号XWLW823
其他标识符823
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.ia.ac.cn/handle/173211/5826
专题毕业生_博士学位论文
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
吕志坚. 综合集成研讨厅中的专家研讨与思维研究[D]. 中国科学院自动化研究所. 中国科学院研究生院,2004.
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